Past fifteen years, the Mediterranean has become the subject of a multiplicity of "major policy", ie different international political process to transform the Mediterranean area through the implementation of resources and joint partners to share these initiatives.
Euro-Mediterranean Conference in Barcelona in 1995 was the origin of the Euro-Mediterranean Process. She brings together foreign ministers from 27 countries, 15 of those members of the European Union and those countries said 12 Mediterranean Partners (Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Syria, Tunisia, the Palestinian Authority, Turkey, Cyprus and Malta). These representatives agreed at the end of this conference, a declaration, known as the Barcelona Declaration, the terms rather ambitious, defined three aspects of cooperation: political - economic - social, cultural & human. A first step towards a better integration of the Mediterranean was therefore initiated. In fact, the birth of this partnership in 1995 corresponded to somehow take into account new realities geopolitical who then restored the Mediterranean its role as a crossroads.
The European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) has initially been considered only for the countries of the East as an alternative to membership, before being extended in a unified manner to countries south of the EU, a prospect of securing stability and European prosperity. The Mediterranean is one of the geographical areas in the heart of the ENP. Its objective is to promote political reforms (particularly on strengthening democracy and respect for human rights) and further economic integration between the EU and its neighbors. First, based on bilateral partnerships (Action Plan, country reports) and various financing instruments, it evolves gradually.
In 2007, an initiative of the French Presidency has just restart the Euro-Mediterranean partnership through the Union for the Mediterranean (UfM) project. Designed initially independently, this project is finally integrated into the Euro-Mediterranean partnership, becoming a new stage. The bet is made to obtain the commitment of the highest representatives of States and institutions to give it extra weight. The Union for the Mediterranean was officially launched in Paris July 13, 2008 during a summit meeting for the first time the heads of state and government of the 27 EU countries and their counterparts in the Mediterranean Partner Countries. This summit gives rise to the adoption of a joint declaration establishing this new initiative.
In June 2009, the Commission approved the European Union Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region (EUSBR for its acronym in English). This document is the realization of a reflection over the past 10 years, including at European level, governance and the new regionalism. The Baltic is the first European area to adopt such a strategy based on the finding of a strong interdependence and similar challenges to improve the protection of the environment and ensure a harmonious social and economic development This "macro-region".Learn more