4, 5 and 6 March 2013, the Polibienestar Institute of the University of Valencia (Spain) and the CVI (Instituto Valenciano of the isle) organized a three-day meeting GOUV'AIRNANCE project. The first day was an opportunity to share in a public meeting, bringing together more competent persons for air quality, from Valencia, Marseille (France), Tripoli (Lebanon) and Aqaba (Jordan).
The next two days were spent at the meeting of the Steering Committee of GOUV'AIRNANCE project and helped to present the progress of the project in the areas concerned.Learn more
Understanding existing territorial dynamics in the Mediterranean requires taking the measure of the urban explosion that know all the countries of the South and East of the Mediterranean. This phenomenon in turn affects all areas including the cities who face with the growth of their population.
In most Mediterranean countries, states appear, sometimes for decades, their desire for a balanced territorial development and national urban systems. A planner wave emerged in the years following independence, the results are, and that's an understatement, far from conclusive beings.
The land tenure system in the southern and eastern Mediterranean is a major impediment to rapid urban growth and balanced systems of land tenure are everywhere "pluralistic."
Modes of spatial planning that have been used so far and, to a large extent, are still in force in the countries of southern and eastern Mediterranean, the result of a strong centralist tradition that continues today. From independence until the 1980s, states have emerged as both guarantors of the unity of the nation, as engines of economic development and as responsible for the operation of public services (education, health, water, security ... ).
Faced ux territorial imbalances that penalize their diet for growth and thus job creation, the Southern and Eastern Mediterranean countries are gradually led to change their modes of governance. The current model of centralized planning and organization of space is now breathless. He is unable to provide a better territorial balance, regulate urban growth, lead and boost strategic approaches to shared and differentiated levels of public action.
Beyond the analysis that can be done on the effectiveness of different systems of spatial planning, it is clear that thinking in terms of system of cities across the Mediterranean region is still in its infancy. There is very little analysis of urban forms, except to emphasize their heterogeneity. Imbalances are often due to geographical and climatic constraints.
Noting the inefficiency or difficulty of implementation of public policies in the field of urban planning, it was naturally asked about the adequacy of training in urban planning and the realities of the countries concerned.
Urbanism, which comes from three parent disciplines, architecture, civil engineering and surveying, began to be taught at different times depending on the country. At present, the existing courses are wide variations between countries to another, both in their general framework, by the faculty and the content of the education provided.