The reconfiguration of the Barcelona Process
Euro-Mediterranean Conference in Barcelona in 1995 was at the origin of the Euro-Mediterranean Process. She brings together foreign ministers from 27 countries, 15 of those members of the European Union and those of so-called Mediterranean Partner Countries 12 (Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Syria, Tunisia, the Palestinian Authority, Turkey, Cyprus and Malta). These representatives agreed at the end of this conference, a declaration known as the Barcelona Declaration, the terms rather ambitious, defined three aspects of cooperation: political - economic - social, cultural & human. A first step towards a better integration of the Mediterranean was therefore initiated. In fact, the birth of this partnership in 1995 corresponded in some way to the consideration of new factors geopolitical who then restored the Mediterranean its role as a crossroads.
However, despite the workshops and meetings between foreign ministers that followed, few real answers to the stated objectives are made. The reason is the weak institutional instruments and especially difficult to transcend national logic in foreign policy at European level.
MEDA (I and II in 1996 and 2000) brought together the funding made available to the Euro-Mediterranean partnership to make it effective. The stated aim was then to implement the necessary measures for the Mediterranean third countries to undertake reforms of their economic and social structures while limiting the impact of these changes to the social and environmental level.
For more information:
The Euro-Mediterranean Partnership and the Barcelona Declaration on the website of the European Commission